@Illusion. Memperdayakan. Permainan.


1. Kehidupan dunia yang memperdayakan. (The life of this world is no more than an illusion)

Surah 3. Aal-e-Imran, Verse 185:

كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ وَإِنَّمَا تُوَفَّوْنَ أُجُورَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَمَن زُحْزِحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَأُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَدْ فَازَ وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا مَتَاعُ الْغُرُورِ

Translation:
Tiap-tiap yang berjiwa akan merasakan mati. Dan sesungguhnya pada hari kiamat sajalah disempurnakan pahalamu. Barangsiapa dijauhkan dari neraka dan dimasukkan ke dalam surga, maka sungguh ia telah beruntung. Kehidupan dunia itu tidak lain hanyalah kesenangan yang memperdayakan.

3:185. Every person tastes death, then you receive your recompense on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever misses Hell, barely, and makes it to Paradise, has attained a great triumph. The life of this world is no more than an illusion.

Surah 57. Al-Hadid, Verse 20:

اعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ وَزِينَةٌ وَتَفَاخُرٌ بَيْنَكُمْ وَتَكَاثُرٌ فِي الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَوْلَادِ كَمَثَلِ غَيْثٍ أَعْجَبَ الْكُفَّارَ نَبَاتُهُ ثُمَّ يَهِيجُ فَتَرَاهُ مُصْفَرًّا ثُمَّ يَكُونُ حُطَامًا وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانٌ وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا مَتَاعُ الْغُرُورِ

Translation:
Ketahuilah, bahwa sesungguhnya kehidupan dunia ini hanyalah permainan dan suatu yang melalaikan, perhiasan dan bermegah-megah antara kamu serta berbangga-banggaan tentang banyaknya harta dan anak, seperti hujan yang tanam-tanamannya mengagumkan para petani; kemudian tanaman itu menjadi kering dan kamu lihat warnanya kuning kemudian menjadi hancur. Dan di akhirat (nanti) ada azab yang keras dan ampunan dari Allah serta keridhaan-Nya. Dan kehidupan dunia ini tidak lain hanyalah kesenangan yang menipu.

57:20. Know that this worldly life is no more than play and games, and boasting among you, and hoarding of money and children. It is like abundant rain that produces plants and pleases the disbelievers. But then the plants turn into useless hay, and are blown away by the wind. In the Hereafter there is either severe retribution, or forgiveness from GOD and approval. This worldly life is no more than a temporary illusion.

2. Janji Syaitan hanyalah tipuan belaka.

Surah 4. An-Nisa, Verse 120:

يَعِدُهُمْ وَيُمَنِّيهِمْ وَمَا يَعِدُهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ إِلَّا غُرُورًا

Translation:
Syaitan itu memberikan janji-janji kepada mereka dan membangkitkan angan-angan kosong pada mereka, padahal syaitan itu tidak menjanjikan kepada mereka selain dari tipuan belaka.

4:120. He promises them and entices them; what the devil promises is no more than an illusion.

Surah 17. Al-Isra, Verse 64:

وَاسْتَفْزِزْ مَنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ مِنْهُم بِصَوْتِكَ وَأَجْلِبْ عَلَيْهِم بِخَيْلِكَ وَرَجِلِكَ وَشَارِكْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَوْلَادِ وَعِدْهُمْ وَمَا يَعِدُهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ إِلَّا غُرُورًا

Translation:
Dan hasunglah siapa yang kamu sanggupi di antara mereka dengan ajakanmu, dan kerahkanlah terhadap mereka pasukan berkuda dan pasukanmu yang berjalan kaki dan berserikatlah dengan mereka pada harta dan anak-anak dan beri janjilah mereka. Dan tidak ada yang dijanjikan oleh syaitan kepada mereka melainkan tipuan belaka.

17:64. “You may entice them with your voice, and mobilize all your forces and all your men against them, and share in their money and children, and promise them. Anything the devil promises is no more than an illusion.

Surah 7. Al-Araf, Verse 22:

فَدَلَّاهُمَا بِغُرُورٍ فَلَمَّا ذَاقَا الشَّجَرَةَ بَدَتْ لَهُمَا سَوْآتُهُمَا وَطَفِقَا يَخْصِفَانِ عَلَيْهِمَا مِن وَرَقِ الْجَنَّةِ وَنَادَاهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا أَلَمْ أَنْهَكُمَا عَن تِلْكُمَا الشَّجَرَةِ وَأَقُل لَّكُمَا إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ لَكُمَا عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

Translation:
maka syaitan membujuk keduanya (untuk memakan buah itu) dengan tipu daya. Tatkala keduanya telah merasai buah kayu itu, nampaklah bagi keduanya aurat-auratnya, dan mulailah keduanya menutupinya dengan daun-daun surga. Kemudian Tuhan mereka menyeru mereka: “Bukankah Aku telah melarang kamu berdua dari pohon kayu itu dan Aku katakan kepadamu: “Sesungguhnya syaitan itu adalah musuh yang nyata bagi kamu berdua?”

7:22. He thus duped them with lies. As soon as they tasted the tree, their bodies became visible to them, and they tried to cover themselves with the leaves of Paradise. Their Lord called upon them: “Did I not enjoin you from that tree, and warn you that the devil is your most ardent enemy?”

3. Munafiq dan yang sakit hati berkata janji Allah dan RasulNya hanyalah tipuan belaka.

Surah 33. Al-Ahzab, Verse 12:

وَإِذْ يَقُولُ الْمُنَافِقُونَ وَالَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ مَّا وَعَدَنَا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ إِلَّا غُرُورًا

Translation:
Dan (ingatlah) ketika orang-orang munafik dan orang-orang yang berpenyakit dalam hatinya berkata: “Allah dan Rasul-Nya tidak menjanjikan kepada kami melainkan tipu daya”.

33:12. The hypocrites and those with doubts in their hearts said, “What GOD and His messenger promised us was no more than an illusion!”

4. Janji manis di antara mereka hanyalah tipuan belaka.

Surah 35. Fatir, Verse 40:

قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُمْ شُرَكَاءَكُمُ الَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ أَرُونِي مَاذَا خَلَقُوا مِنَ الْأَرْضِ أَمْ لَهُمْ شِرْكٌ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ أَمْ آتَيْنَاهُمْ كِتَابًا فَهُمْ عَلَىٰ بَيِّنَتٍ مِّنْهُ بَلْ إِن يَعِدُ الظَّالِمُونَ بَعْضُهُم بَعْضًا إِلَّا غُرُورًا

Translation:
Katakanlah: “Terangkanlah kepada-Ku tentang sekutu-sekutumu yang kamu seru selain Allah. Perlihatkanlah kepada-Ku (bahagian) manakah dari bumi ini yang telah mereka ciptakan ataukah mereka mempunyai saham dalam (penciptaan) langit atau adakah Kami memberi kepada mereka sebuah Kitab sehingga mereka mendapat keterangan-keterangan yang jelas daripadanya? Sebenarnya orang-orang yang zalim itu sebahagian dari mereka tidak menjanjikan kepada sebahagian yang lain, melainkan tipuan belaka”.

35:40. Say, “Consider the idols you have set up beside GOD; show me what on earth have they created.” Do they own any partnership in the heavens? Have we given them a book wherein there is no doubt? Indeed, what the transgressors promise one another is no more than an illusion.

Surah 6. Al-Anaam, Verse 112:

وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَا لِكُلِّ نَبِيٍّ عَدُوًّا شَيَاطِينَ الْإِنسِ وَالْجِنِّ يُوحِي بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَىٰ بَعْضٍ زُخْرُفَ الْقَوْلِ غُرُورًا وَلَوْ شَاءَ رَبُّكَ مَا فَعَلُوهُ فَذَرْهُمْ وَمَا يَفْتَرُونَ

Translation:
Dan demikianlah Kami jadikan bagi tiap-tiap nabi itu musuh, yaitu syaitan-syaitan (dari jenis) manusia dan (dan jenis) jin, sebahagian mereka membisikkan kepada sebahagian yang lain perkataan-perkataan yang indah-indah untuk menipu (manusia). Jikalau Tuhanmu menghendaki, niscaya mereka tidak mengerjakannya, maka tinggalkanlah mereka dan apa yang mereka ada-adakan.

6:112. We have permitted the enemies of every prophet—human and jinn devils—to inspire in each other fancy words, in order to deceive. Had your Lord willed, they would not have done it. You shall disregard them and their fabrications.

5. Syaitan memperdaya manusia tentang Allah.

Surah 31. Luqman, Verse 33:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمْ وَاخْشَوْا يَوْمًا لَّا يَجْزِي وَالِدٌ عَن وَلَدِهِ وَلَا مَوْلُودٌ هُوَ جَازٍ عَن وَالِدِهِ شَيْئًا إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ فَلَا تَغُرَّنَّكُمُ الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا وَلَا يَغُرَّنَّكُم بِاللَّهِ الْغَرُورُ

Translation:
Hai manusia, bertakwalah kepada Tuhanmu dan takutilah suatu hari yang (pada hari itu) seorang bapak tidak dapat menolong anaknya dan seorang anak tidak dapat (pula) menolong bapaknya sedikitpun. Sesungguhnya janji Allah adalah benar, maka janganlah sekali-kali kehidupan dunia memperdayakan kamu, dan jangan (pula) penipu (syaitan) memperdayakan kamu dalam (mentaati) Allah.

31:33. O people, you shall reverence your Lord, and fear a day when a father cannot help his own child, nor can a child help his father. Certainly, GOD’s promise is truth. Therefore, do not be distracted by this life; do not be distracted from GOD by mere illusions.

Surah 35. Fatir, Verse 5:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ فَلَا تَغُرَّنَّكُمُ الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا وَلَا يَغُرَّنَّكُم بِاللَّهِ الْغَرُورُ

Translation:
Hai manusia, sesungguhnya janji Allah adalah benar, maka sekali-kali janganlah kehidupan dunia memperdayakan kamu dan sekali-kali janganlah syaitan yang pandai menipu, memperdayakan kamu tentang Allah.

35:5. O people, GOD’s promise is the truth; therefore, do not be distracted by this lowly life. Do not be diverted from GOD by mere illusions.

Surah 57. Al-Hadid, Verse 14:

يُنَادُونَهُمْ أَلَمْ نَكُن مَّعَكُمْ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ وَلَٰكِنَّكُمْ فَتَنتُمْ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَتَرَبَّصْتُمْ وَارْتَبْتُمْ وَغَرَّتْكُمُ الْأَمَانِيُّ حَتَّىٰ جَاءَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ وَغَرَّكُم بِاللَّهِ الْغَرُورُ

Translation:
Orang-orang munafik itu memanggil mereka (orang-orang mukmin) seraya berkata: “Bukankah kami dahulu bersama-sama dengan kamu?” Mereka menjawab: “Benar, tetapi kamu mencelakakan dirimu sendiri dan menunggu (kehancuran kami) dan kamu ragu-ragu serta ditipu oleh angan-angan kosong sehingga datanglah ketetapan Allah; dan kamu telah ditipu terhadap Allah oleh (syaitan) yang amat penipu.

57:14. They will call upon them, “Were we not with you?” They will answer, “Yes, but you cheated your souls, hesitated, doubted, and became misled by wishful thinking, until GOD’s judgment came. You were diverted from GOD by illusions.

6. Orang-orang kafir telah tertipu.

Surah 67. Al-Mulk, Verse 20:

أَمَّنْ هَٰذَا الَّذِي هُوَ جُندٌ لَّكُمْ يَنصُرُكُم مِّن دُونِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ إِنِ الْكَافِرُونَ إِلَّا فِي غُرُورٍ

Translation:
Atau siapakah dia yang menjadi tentara bagimu yang akan menolongmu selain daripada Allah Yang Maha Pemurah? Orang-orang kafir itu tidak lain hanyalah dalam (keadaan) tertipu.

67:20. Where are those soldiers who can help you against the Most Gracious? Indeed, the disbelievers are deceived.

From websites.

http://www.peaceandhealing.com/psychology/schizophrenia/illusion-versus-delusion/

Illusion versus Delusion

What is an Illusion?

An illusion is a distortion of one or a few of the five senses. It often gets confused with hallucinations. It is commonly confused with hallucinations and is more often than not paired with some sort of mental illness. Illusions happen to all of us. They are fairly common occurrences. The most typical illusion is that of our visual sensory system. We see an object and interpret it as something else. Walking through the woods and seeing a stick, we then interpret it as a snake. We jump and we are sure it is a slithering serpent. After further inspection, it turns out to be just a piece of dead wood. This is a classic optical illusion. Auditory illusions are not uncommon, as we may here a noise and are convinced it is someone breaking into the house, a window breaking, or a variety of beliefs without the proof until we inspect the noise. Illusionists have long toyed with our mind, they have manipulated what we see and what we have touched. In the mind of mental illness, illusions can be very debilitating. For the healthy individual we quickly assess, do the mental gymnastics and correctly see the stick is actually a stick. For others, well..not so much. The stick remains the snake the illusion can become a paranoid illusion and the individual may sense there are many snakes coming after them. Illusions are clearly deceptive however are based in some perceptual reality that is distorted.

What is a Delusion?

A delusion is a distorted belief. This belief could be based on some real entity or fact and then distorted into a false belief. In an illusion there must be a sensory impact if you will. A delusion may or may not need this sensory stimuli. Many healthy individuals who have delusions correct their false belief with educating themselves, or checking out reality with a peer. Individuals who have experienced post traumatic stress, rape, sex abuse and even the battered woman or man can have fixed delusions based on their life trauma. A spouse who observes their husband or wife e-mailing a friend or spending time on facebook with a member of the opposite sex can become jealous. They may inquire which can be healthy. If their is trust in the relationship it is over quickly, however if the individual draws an inference and then believes there is an affair going on, despite zero evidence this falls into paranoia and even paranoid delusions. The determination is based on the following: How long do they hold onto this belief? Is their ample evidence for this belief? Is their past trauma influencing their delusion?
The psychotic patient will have a fixed delusion and many times there is no shaking the belief. They can watch a program and feel a commentator is speaking directly to them, they believe they are destined for great things and this belief many times needs the direct influence of medication. A narcissistic personality disorder frequently has delusions of grandeur. They believe they are entitled to great things, and are deserving. This is more than a false sense of entitlement when the belief is based firmly in the grasp of a delusion. “I have special talents,” “Due to my ability, I am well liked, and I am deserving of great things.” Delusions as many symptoms in mental illness are on a continuum, that range from benign occurrences to severe debilitating illness.

What is “concrete thinking” versus delusions and illusions?

Have you ever been involved in a discussion on any topic and the individual would not, could not conceptualize an alternative. I am not referring to defensive posture where one defends their political view, their passion around religion, or even their belief on how to garden. I am referring to a thought process where one cannot abstract think. An individual who thinks in a concrete manner only sees the idea the topic at hand. For example, if the discussion is about giving back to the poor, by donating a coat an individual can grasp the coat is to help this person stay warm. They may or may not grasp the idea of giving, altruism and the greater good. An individual that can abstract think is able to not only understand the coat will warm someone but the act is altruistic and could possibly even carry over for others. That the “pay it forward” act is a perfect example of being able to abstract think. Individuals who see topics as good vs. bad, black and white answers, are not the best at abstract thinking.
The best examples to test one’s ability to abstract think are metaphors and proverbs:
” A rolling stone gathers no moss” an individual with concrete thinking realizes that a rock rolling does not collect moss. An abstract thinker realizes the proverb means much more, that the importance is of one to keep moving in life.
“Strike while the iron is hot.”
“A chain is only as strong as it’s weakest link”
“A leopard cannot change it’s spots”
Targeting concrete thinkers is difficult. They usually do not realize they are unable to figure out the proverb, however this is a great predictor of therapy outcome, intelligence levels, and the ability to problem solve as well as decision making. This is very important in terms of personality assessment, because it infers how one sees life as well as others. Their problem solving ability is limited. Organic brain disorders, dementia, and other illness such as chronic alcoholism will impact abstract thinking over time.

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